The Shrine of Resurrection is a location in The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild. It is located in the Great Plateau region of Hyrule. Link wakes up here in the beginning of the game. The Shrine is said to be symbolic of an intentional divide between technology and the natural world in the game.
Despite this place being a Sheikah Shrine, it is not include with them, so no monk and therefore no trial resides here. This place is where Link awakens from his one hundred year slumber and obtains the Sheikah Slate, as instructed by a mysterious voice in the beginning of his journey. As a consequence of having been deeply injured and placed asleep for a century in this Shrine, Link has lost his memories.
During the main quest "Locked Mementos", Link will be able to start to remember past events thanks to the help of Impa. According to Symin, the director of the Hateno Ancient Tech Lab, the name of Link's century long sleep is known as the "Slumber of Restoration".
Upon discovering Zelda's research notes within the ruined Hyrule Castle, Link can learn a bit more about the origins of the Shrine. The Shrine was first discovered by Zelda and several members of the Sheikah clan, specifically from the research sector, one hundred years ago within the Great Plateau, the area of Hyrule where the kingdom was first established. Zelda's writings further reveal that the Sheikah confirmed that the Shrine was an elaborate medical facility constructed by their ancestors ten thousand years prior, along with the other Shrines, the guardians and the Divine Beasts, as a means of sustaining their most formidable warriors.
Zelda speculates that such a facility was made as part of the clan's efforts to destroy Calamity Ganon during their first war against the villain, instilling a sense of dread within the young princess, who feared just how powerful Ganon truly was to necessitate the need of such a facility. Knowing Ganon would return, Zelda and the Sheikah repaired the Shrine of Resurrection, but did not have time to properly test it out before Ganon returned, seized control of the guardians and the Divine Beasts, and laid waste to the kingdom of Hyrule.
Despite this, the Shrine was successful in protecting and reviving Link over the course of one hundred years, even as the surrounding Great Plateau was largely destroyed by the possessed guardians and then taken over by Ganon's minions, as their master continued to build up his power by siphoning Zelda's divine power and build himself a new body.
- ^ 2016-06-21, Why The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild is getting voice acting and sci-fi elements. Polygon, accessed on 2016-06-22